T&E 4201 Avionics Systems Flight Testing

Course Description

This course provides the ground work for all subsequent systems modules. This module is designed to provide the “big picture” of Systems testing. The course identifies the differences between systems and vehicle testing with emphasis on digital architecture. 1553 Data Bus architecture is described in detail, and the student is also exposed to ARINC 429, Mil-Std 1760, Firewire, EBR-1553 and other future applications. Time, Space, Position Information is described in its relation and importance to Systems testing. Software development and test and its impact on Flight Test is discussed in detail. The impact to the aircrew in the area of workload and Human Factors is addressed in this module as a first test with new systems. A detailed review of basic electrics, electromagnetics and antennas is presented in this module. Classroom instruction is reinforced with in-class exercises and an available flight demonstration lab (T&E 4201a) and flight evaluation (T&E 4211).

Anticipated Student Academic Outcomes

Upon successful completion of this course of instruction, the student will have a basic understanding of performance flight test procedures, techniques, and data analysis. He/she will:
 
Be familiar with
1.  Other types of Data Busses.
2.  Avionic systems specifications and regulations (1553, 1760, 429).
3.  Human factors principles and understand workload issues in testing avionic systems.
4.  Electromagnetics and Antennas and how they relate to Avionics testing.

Understand
5.  The unique problems associated with Avionics and Weapons Testing.
6.  1553 data bus architectures.
7.  Data collection, reading, and data analysis procedures.
8.  Software test and configuration management principles.

Sequence of Instruction

Introduction To Systems Flight Test 
Introduction To Data Bus Architecture 
Instrumentation 
Data Collection, Reading & Analysis  
Software Test & Configuration Management 
Specifications & Regulations 
Data Bus Exercise 
Time Space Position Information Exercise 
Electrics, Electromagnetics and Antennas 
Test & Evaluation Crew Resource Management 
Workload
Workload Exercise & Assignment
Exams

Texts and Reference Materials

“MIL-STD 1553 Designers Guide,”  Data Device Corp.
NTPS Course notes
Instructor Text

Instructional Methodology

Lectures
In-Class Exercises

Process of Evaluation

Examinations

T&E 4202 Communications, Navigation, and GPS Flight Testing

Course Description

This course provides the student with an understanding of Avionic Communications and Navigation equipment, their modes of operation and the procedures for evaluating this equipment. The importance of antenna patterns and the methods of conducting Electromagnetic Interference and Compatibility tests will be shown. The module also provides a tutorial in Basic Navigation which will allow non-flyers to converse in the same language as pilots. This course addresses those systems which provide operators with voice communications and data transfer such as radios and data links. The student will be able to identify the parameters which need to be evaluated in these systems in order to show spec compliance or mission suitability. Additionally, the module will address navigational systems that provide position, velocity or acceleration to the operator. An overview of the theory of operation of these systems, typical accuracies and employment is covered.

Anticipated Student Academic Outcomes

Upon successful completion of this course of instruction, the student will have a basic understanding of performance flight test procedures, techniques, and data analysis. He/she will:

Be familiar with

  1. The techniques for evaluating radio communications intelligibility
  2. The fundamentals and technique for evaluating EMI/EMC
  3. The fundamentals and technique for evaluating ground based NavAids
  4. The fundamentals of Inertial Navigation Systems
  5. The fundamentals of Integrated Navigation Systems
  6. The fundamentals of Data Link Communications and Tactical Datalinks
  7. The fundamentals of IFF and ADS-B

Understand

  1. The approach to safely and effectively execute ground and flight test of communication and navigation systems
  2. The fundamentals behind GNSS and GNSS Augmentation Systems
  3. The techniques for evaluating GNSS
  4. The techniques for evaluating systems for Required Navigation Performance (RNP) operations
  5. The technique for evaluating and Integrated Navigation Systems

Sequence of Instruction

Basic Navigation
Communications Flight Test
Antenna Patterns
EMI/EMC
Data Links
Radio Aids to Navigation
Position Determinant Systems
Velocity Determinant Systems
Acceleration Determinant Systems

Texts and Reference Materials

NTPS Course notes
Instructor Text

Instructional Methodology

Lectures

Process of Evaluation

Examinations

T&E 4203 CFR 14 Part 23/25/27/29 Avionics Certification Flight Testing

Course Description

The primary emphasis in this academic module will on the evaluation of civil avionics systems and the means of showing compliance with the applicable Federal or Joint Regulations. Since many of the civilian requirements are now applicable in military aircraft, this module is especially important for those individuals involved with showing military compliance with these civil requirements. The importance and proper evaluation of the Flight Management System in today’s automated cockpits will be emphasized. The student will be instructed in the proper evaluation and test of proximity warning systems such as Traffic Alert and Collision Avoidance (TCAS) and Terrain Awareness and Warning Systems (TAWS). Autopilots, Flight Directors, Automated Landing Systems, Weather RADAR, Reduced Vertical Separation Minima and civil certification of GPS will be examined. A history of the FAA, its certification criteria, regulations and other documentation as well as the Human Factors impact to certifications will be addressed. Controls and Displays implementation and Software considerations in the certification process as well as considerations for complex systems are also identified.

Anticipated Student Academic Outcomes

Upon successful completion of this course of instruction, the student will have a basic understanding of performance flight test procedures, techniques, and data analysis. He/she will:

Be familiar with
1. The type certification process.
2. Complex systems and their unique requirements.
3. Human Factors impact on Avionics systems.
4. The correct techniques for evaluating cockpit Controls and Displays.
5. Flight Management Systems and their impact on cockpit automation.
6. Evaluations of automatic Autopilots and Flight Directors.
7. Civil certification of positioning and navigation systems
8. Design and Test of Proximity Systems.
9. The requirements and methods to show compliance with reduced vertical separation minims.

Understand
10. Civil certification process for showing compliance with Federal or EASA regulations for avionic systems.
11. The requirements for showing compliance with Federal or EASA regulations for avionic systems.

Sequence of Instruction

FAA Type Certification History
Overview of FARs in the CFR
FAA Type Certification Process
EASA History and Cert Process
Avionics Software Considerations
Certification Requirements for Complex Systems
Cockpit Controls and Displays Evaluation
Human Factors Principles and Certification
Weather RADAR
Flight Management Systems
Autopilots and Flight Directors
Automatic Landing Systems
IFR/VFR Certification of GPS
Reduced Vertical Separation Minima
Proximity Warning Systems
TAWS Mandate

Texts and Reference Materials

Avionics Navigation Systems, 2nd edition, Kayton and Fried
NTPS Course Notes
Applicable FAA and EASA documents and regulatory material
Instructor Text

Instructional Methodology

Lectures
Ground Labs
Part Task Trainers

T&E 4204 Flight Test of RADAR and Electronic Warfare Systems

Course Description

The basic concept and modes of operation as well as RADAR fundamentals are explained in detail. The course is designed to assist the student in the development and test of airborne RADAR systems. The student is afforded hands-on operation of the Camber Corporation RADAR toolkit. This simulation is a complex, real-world, energy level model of the emitted radio transmissions and incorporates a digital terrain database to show the student effects of changing RADAR parameters on RADAR performance. Lectures cover basic RADAR theory as well as the multi-mode operation of today’s airborne applications. The student will learn the most correct and efficient methods of demonstrating specification compliance and performance of airborne RADARs.

Anticipated Student Academic Outcomes

Upon successful completion of this course of instruction, the student will have a basic understanding of performance flight test procedures, techniques, and data analysis. He/she will:

Be familiar with
1. Basic RADAR and EW fundamentals.
2. RADAR modes of operation.
3. Millimetric wave RADAR.

Understand
4. The theory, flight test procedures, techniques and data analysis associated with RADAR and EW systems.
5. RADAR and EW test methods.
6. RADAR and EW test considerations.

Sequence of Instruction

RADAR Basics
Fundamentals of Airborne RADAR
Multi-mode RADARS; Modes of Operation
RADAR Test Methodology
AGARD Test Methodology Differences
EW Terminology
Passive Electronic Warfare
Active Electronic Warfare
Jammer Types
Electronic Attack, Protection and Support Devices
EW Flight Test

Texts and Reference Materials

“Introduction to Airborne RADAR,” G. W. Stinson, Second Edition
NTPS Course notes

Instructional Methodology

Lectures
Ground Labs
Videos

T&E 4205 UAV Systems Test

Course Description

This two week Course addresses the unique testing requirements when evaluating a UAV system. It is assumed that the participants are generally knowledgeable in manned aircraft flight testing as this course builds on that knowledge. The students will be involved with four UAV missions utilizing the NTPS FAA-approved C150 Optionally Piloted Aircraft (OPA). Course lectures will introduce the students to UAV-specific testing when compared to manned Fixed and Rotary Wing testing. Issues such as data latency, human factors, data link coverage, failure modes, contingency management, telemetry issues, guidance, navigation and control, mission planning, and sensor cueing/integration will be addressed. Flight Test Techniques for testing both Remotely Piloted and Command Directed (autonomous) Vehicle modes will also be covered.  

 

Texts and Reference Materials

NTPS Course Notes

Test and Evaluation of Aircraft Avionics and Weapons Systems, Robert E. McShea, SciTech Publishing

Anticipated Student Academic Outcomes

Upon successful completion of this course of instruction, the student will have a basic understanding of the specific problems flight test procedures, techniques and data analysis associated with UAV Avionic Systems.  He/she will:

Be familiar with:
·      The techniques and data analysis for Unmanned Air Vehicle (UAV) systems ground/flight test
·      The techniques for UAV guidance, control, and limit protection flight test
·      The techniques for UAV command and control link and sensor link ground/flight test
·      The development of a structured test plan/cards for UAV systems ground/flight test
·      The fundamentals of safety planning and risk mitigation for UAV systems  ground/flight test
·      The approach to safely and effectively executing a UAV systems flight test sortie

Understand:
·      The fundamental differences in ground/flight testing of a UAV system versus a manned aircraft
·      The requirements and techniques for assessing human factors of UAV Ground Control Stations (GCS)
·      The fundamentals behind UAV data link communications
·      The primary modes for controlling a UAV, to include Remotely Piloted Vehicle (RPV) and Command Directed Vehicle (autonomous) operations
·      The concept of sense and avoid systems and their importance to UAV operations
·      Airworthiness Requirements (Civil and Military) for UAVs

Sequence of Instruction

Welcome Overview of UAV Systems Integration
Human Factors
Controls and Displays
Control Room Operations Human Factors and CRM
Ground Testing (including build-up techniques to flight)
Remotely Piloted and Command Directed Vehicle (autonomous) modes
Command and Control Links
Latency and Senescence
Sensor Links
Telemetry
Frequencies
Data Link Range and Reliability
Failure Modes/Contingency Management
Autopilot Integration
Navigation
Positional and Vertical Accuracy
Guidance Modes
Steer to a point
Orbits
Mission Planning
Lost Link Procedures

Instructional Methodology

Lectures
Ground Labs
Videos

Process of Evaluation

Written examination, informal oral report, and formal oral report

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NTPS Catalog: For more detailed information please visit the online catalog page to view or download the NTPS Catalog.

Notice: Course costs and dates are subject to change without notice. Please refer to the Course Schedule and Costs page for more information. Contact us to check course availability.

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Contact Info

National Test Pilot School
P.O. Box 658
Mojave, CA 93502-0658 USA
Phone: 661-824-2977
Fax: 661-824-2943

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