The primary emphasis in this academic module will on the evaluation of civil avionics systems and the means of showing compliance with the applicable Federal or Joint Regulations. Since many of the civilian requirements are now applicable in military aircraft, this module is especially important for those individuals involved with showing military compliance with these civil requirements. The importance and proper evaluation of the Flight Management System in today’s automated cockpits will be emphasized. The student will be instructed in the proper evaluation and test of proximity warning systems such as Traffic Alert and Collision Avoidance (TCAS) and Terrain Awareness and Warning Systems (TAWS). Autopilots, Flight Directors, Automated Landing Systems, Weather RADAR, Reduced Vertical Separation Minima and civil certification of GPS will be examined. A history of the FAA, its certification criteria, regulations and other documentation as well as the Human Factors impact to certifications will be addressed. Controls and Displays implementation and Software considerations in the certification process as well as considerations for complex systems are also identified.
Anticipated Student Academic Outcomes
Upon successful completion of this course of instruction, the student will have a basic understanding of performance flight test procedures, techniques, and data analysis. He/she will:
Be familiar with
1. The type certification process.
2. Complex systems and their unique requirements.
3. Human Factors impact on Avionics systems.
4. The correct techniques for evaluating cockpit Controls and Displays.
5. Flight Management Systems and their impact on cockpit automation.
6. Evaluations of automatic Autopilots and Flight Directors.
7. Civil certification of positioning and navigation systems
8. Design and Test of Proximity Systems.
9. The requirements and methods to show compliance with reduced vertical separation minims.
10. Civil certification process for showing compliance with Federal or EASA regulations for avionic systems.
11. The requirements for showing compliance with Federal or EASA regulations for avionic systems.
Sequence of Instruction
FAA Type Certification History
Overview of FARs in the CFR
FAA Type Certification Process
EASA History and Cert Process
Avionics Software Considerations
Certification Requirements for Complex Systems
Cockpit Controls and Displays Evaluation
Human Factors Principles and Certification
Flight Management Systems
Autopilots and Flight Directors
Automatic Landing Systems
IFR/VFR Certification of GPS
Reduced Vertical Separation Minima
Proximity Warning Systems
Texts and Reference Materials
Avionics Navigation Systems, 2nd edition, Kayton and Fried
NTPS Course Notes
Applicable FAA and EASA documents and regulatory material
Part Task Trainers